Angeles City Legislative Information System
Ordinance Number: 417
Series: 2017
Author: Amos B. Rivera,Edgardo D. Pamintuan, Jr., Danilo D. Lacson, Jae Vincent T. Flores
Approved Date: August 8, 2017

Ordinance No. 417
Series of 2017

(Introduced by Councilor Amos B. Rivera)

WHEREAS, Article XIV of the Philippine Constitution Section 16 states “All the country’s artistic and historic wealth constitutes the cultural treasure of the nation and shall be under the protection of the State which may regulate its disposition.”

WHEREAS, Republic Act No. 7160, Section 16 asserts “… Within their respective territorial jurisdiction, local government units shall ensure and support, among other things, the preservation and enrichment of culture, xxx.”

WHEREAS, Republic Act No. 10066 Section 16 directs local government units to document traditional and contemporary arts and crafts, including their processes and makers, and sustain the sources of their raw materials. Local government units shall encourage and sustain traditional arts and crafts as active and viable sources of income for the community.

WHEREAS, Republic Act No. 10066 Section 33 provides that the local government units are encourage to incorporate programs and budgets for the conservation and preservation of cultural property in their environmental, educational and cultural activities.

WHEREAS, according to Mariano D. Henson in his book the Town of Angeles (1948), the custom known as “lubenas” began in the year 1830 in this town using lanterns and cross made of paper on bamboo frames.


NOW THEREFORE, be it ordained by the SangguniangPanlungsod of Angeles City in session assembled that:


SECTION 1.SHORT TITLE. This Ordinance shall be known, referred to and cited as the “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” AS INTANGIBLE HERITAGE OF ANGELES.


SECTION 2.DECLARATION OF POLICY. The city government hereby reiterates the State policy that “[every] local government unit shall exercise the power expressly granted, those necessarily implied therefrom, as well  as powers necessary, appropriate, or incidental for its efficient and effective governance, and those which are essential to the promotion of the general welfare” (Section 16, RA 7160), and also hereby reiterates other relevant policies:


            (a) Article XIV of the Philippine Constitution with the following salient provisions:


                 “Section 14. The State shall foster the preservation, enrichment, and dynamic evolution of a Filipino national culture based on the principle of unity in diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression.”

                 “Section 18. (1) The State shall ensure equal access to cultural opportunities through the education system, public or private cultural entities, scholarships, grants and other incentives, and community cultural centers, and other public venues. (2) The State shall encourage and support researches and studies on the arts and culture.”


          (b)The salient provisions United Nations Convention for Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of 2003


          (c)  Republic Act No. 10066: An Act Providing For The Protection And Conservation Of The National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening The National Commission For Culture And The Arts (NCCA) And Its Affiliated Cultural Agencies, And For Other Purposes:


                 “Section 16: The Commission, the Department of Trade and Industry, the Department of Tourism and other government agencies involved directly or indirectly in the production of goods shall assist the local government units in protecting their traditional and contemporary arts and crafts, making them viable for current and future markets, with a view to encouraging and promoting the unique heritage and identities of said communities.


                 “The local government unit concerned shall submit an annual inventory of these documentations to the commission, which will be included in the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property, as established in Section 14 of this Act.”


                 “Section 34. Training Programs – The Commission, in coordination with the appropriate cultural agencies, shall provide general training programs on conservation to the local government units which have established cultural heritage programs and projects in their localities.


           (d)RA 7160, Section 458 (a) (5) (xvi), “Establish a City Council whose purpose is the promotion of culture and the arts, coordinate with government agencies and non-governmental organizations and, subject to the availability of funds, appropriate funds for the support and development of the same.”




                 (a) “Angeles Parul” shall refer to lanterns made of bamboo frames and intricately cut-out lacey patterns from fine paper, the base color is white with a minor touch of accent colors depending on the motif of the parish or patron saint


                 (b) “Intangible cultural heritage” shall refer to the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge and skills, as well as the instruments, objects and artifacts associated therewith, that communities, groups and individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage, such as: (1) oral tradition, languages and expressions; (2) performing arts; (3) social practices, rituals and festive events; (4) knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; and (5) traditional craftsmanship.


            (a) “Intangible cultural property” shall refer to the peoples’ learned processes along with the knowledge, skills and creativity that inform and are developed by them, the products they create and the resources, spaces and other aspects of social and natural context necessary for their sustainability.


            (b)  “House of Living Tradition for “ANGELES PARUL” and “ING LUBENAS NING PASKU” the designated space dedicated to the teaching and exhibit display


            (c) “Lubenas” is a kapampangan term which was derived from Spanish terms “luz” and “novena”, has been referred to as the nine-day of prayer-worship procession observed prior to the birth of Jesus on Christmas Day. The procession is led by a cross and 12 parul (lanterns), followed by the community’s patron saint and then symbolic figures of the lubenas’ intentions (such as fish for prosperity, dove for peace, lamb for sacrifice, etc.), all accompanied by the solemn chanting, guitar-strumming and a distinct drum-beating, as witnessed by the residents of the community all lined up along the path of the procession.


            (d) “Safeguarding” means measures aimed at ensuring the viability of the intangible cultural heritage, including the identification, documentation, research, preservation, protection, promotion, enhancement, transmission, particularly through formal and non-formal education, as well as the revitalization of the various aspects of such heritage.




                  It is hereby declared that “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” are intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City and as such, the city government shall ensure for the safeguarding thereof.




                  It is hereby ordained that in order to ensure the safeguarding, developing and promotion of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as an intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City, the city government shall endeavor to:


  1. Adopt a general policy as articulated hereof, aimed at promoting the function of the intangible cultural heritage in society, and at integrating the safeguarding of such heritage into planning programmes of the city government;


            (b) Designate or establish a competent multi-sectoral and inter-agency body, as ordained hereof, for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage;


            (c) Foster, as far as practicable, scientific, technical and artistic studies, as well as research methodologies, with a view to effective safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage;


            (d) Adopt appropriate legal framework, technical, administrative and financial measures aimed at;


                     i.       Fostering the creation or strengthening of institutions for training in the management of the Angeles Parul as an intangible cultural heritage and the transmission of such heritage through forums and spaces intended for the performance or expression thereof such as but not limited to “IngLubenasningPasku”;

                     ii.      Ensuring access to the intangible cultural heritage while respecting customary practices governing access to specific aspects of such heritage;

                     iii.     Establishing documentation for the intangible cultural heritage and facilitating access to them.

      (e)   Ensure recognition of, respect of, and enhancement of the intangible cultural heritage in the entire city, in particular through;


                     i.       Educational, awareness-raising and information programmes, aimed at the general public, in particular young people;

                     ii.      Specific educational and training programmes within the communities and groups concerned;

                     iii.     Capacity-building activities for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage, in particular management and scientific research; and

                     iv.     Non-formal means of transmitting knowledge;


      (f)    Keep the public informed of the danger threatening such heritage and of the activities carried out in pursuance of the spirit and intent of the Ordinance;


      (g)   Promote education for the protection of natural space and places of memory whose existence is necessary for expressing this intangible cultural heritage.




              The following guidelines and mechanisms shall govern the effective and efficient implementation of the letters and intent of this Ordinance for the safeguarding of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City.


            a)      At any time and in whatever circumstances “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU”, as an intangible cultural heritage of the city shall be respected, preserved, promoted, safeguarded and showcased based on its original purposes and/or for local tourism purposes;

            b)      While preserving and protecting the objective of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as an intangible cultural heritage, the city government shall also encourage efforts that would evolve it in accordance with the changing rhythm, fashion and influences of society.

            c)      For purpose of safeguarding, preserving and promoting “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City, it is hereby obtained that a room at the Angeles City Library and Information Center, owned by the city government, is hereby designated, declared and authorized to be the city’s ‘House of Living Tradition for “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU”, as one among the other uses of the said edifice. For purpose of this Ordinance, the use of the said space or place shall be without charge when used for the safeguarding of “Angeles Parul” as declared hereof.

            d)      The city government, through the Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles in coordination with the local offices of the Department of Education, private schools, non-government organizations, and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) per Section 34 of RA 10006 (Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its Affiliated Cultural Agencies, and for Other Purposes), shall be endeavor to fund and undertake relevant researches for the historical documentation, preservation, protection, enhancement and transmission of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City.

            e)      Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles shall ensure the proper documentation and recording through various media of the intangible cultural heritage as well as identification, inventory, profiling, updating and maintenance of database of all processes and makers of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” in each of the barangays of Angeles City.

            f)      Each makers of “ANGELES PARUL” in every barangay is hereby designated as the holding organization of the intangible cultural heritage declared herein. A holding organization is one which can comprehend, preserve, evolve or transmit the arts or functions of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as an intangible cultural heritage. The Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles shall provide for inheritance training for new makers of “ANGELES PARUL” in each barangay, to ensure that the intangible cultural heritage is systematically handed over to new generation among the youth.

            g)      There shall be an Annual “ING LUBENAS NING PASKU” Celebration in Angeles City to showcase the unique intangible cultural heritage which shall involve school-based and community-based makers of “ANGELES PARUL” which shall be spearheaded by the Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles.


            h)      The Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles shall assume full responsibility for the implementation of the intent and objectives of this Ordinance, including the planning, implementation and evaluation of all programs, projects and activities related hereof, as well as the management and proper disbursement of the “Angeles Parul And LubenasningPaskuIntangible Cultural Heritage Fund” instituted in the succeeding section hereof.




            a)      The Cultural Heritage Officer to be designated by the Local Chief Executive on a concurrent capacity or on a job order status or other staff as may be designated by the local chief executive, shall be responsible in providing coordinative, secretarial, clerical, custodial and other logistical services to the Angeles City Tourism Office and/or the Culture and Arts Council of Angeles in furtherance of the intent and full implementation of this Ordinance. He/She shall assist the said Office/Council in the crafting of the annual programs, projects and activities mandated hereof, annual estimate of expenses, and in designing a master plan for the promotion, preservation, transmission, and safeguarding of “ANGELES PARUL” and “LUBENAS NING PASKU” as envisioned hereof.




            It is hereby ordained that the annual appropriation to finance the programs, projects and activities conceptualized in relation to the provisions of this enactment shall be One Hundred Thousand Pesos (P100,000.00) annually subject to the Local Development Investment Program and Annual Investment Program of the city government under a fund item to be known as “Angeles Parul And LubenasningPasku Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund.”




            In furtherance of the purpose and intent hereof, the Local Chief Executive is hereby granted authority to enter into agreement with national government agencies, the private sector, non-government organizations or other entities in relation to financing of programs and projects to be implemented by the local government unit on training and other programs related to the promotion, preservation or safeguarding of “ANGELES PARUL”, subject to ratification by the SangguniangPanlungsod.




            For proper preservation of such masterpieces, an official utility room and gallery shall be designated which will serve as a suitable and convenient room for preservation and exhibition.




            For promotion of such masterpieces, various forms of advertisements such as social media is recommended to reach the bigger number of audience and potential apprentices. Moreover, it is raised that recruiting the out of school youth would be one of the biggest strategies to widen the working creators.




            For development and sustainability, there shall be an annual Inter-Barangay Angeles Traditional Parul Making Contest. All the participating parul shall be paraded within the city which shall be the promotion of the Lubenas, hence, a hand in hand two-in-one honor and saving of the Angeles City’s culture and heritage.



            All ordinances, rules and regulations, other issuances, or parts thereof that are consistent with any or all of the provisions of this Ordinance are hereby amended, repeated or modified accordingly.



            This Ordinance and its provisions are hereby deemed separable. If for any reason part/s or provision/s hereof is/are declared unconstitutional, ultra vires or inconsistent with law by a competent authority, any other part/s or provision/s not affected thereby shall remain valid, in force and effect unless otherwise repealed, modified or amended accordingly.



            This Ordinance shall take effect on the date of approval or enactment and shall remain in force until they are amended or repealed.

Principal Author
Amos B. Rivera,Edgardo D. Pamintuan, Jr., Danilo D. Lacson, Jae Vincent T. Flores